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What is Engineered Wood Flooring?

Engineered wood flooring is similar to laminate flooring in that it consists of several different layers, but the most important difference is that the top most layer is real wood. Thus the product has the natural characteristics of the selected hardwood species.  Engineered wood flooring has been designed to provide greater stability where moisture levels or temperature extremes may be problematic for solid wood flooring.  

Engineered wood flooring typically has somewhere between 3 to 12 layers.  The construction of engineered hardwood gives it enhanced structural stability which allows for a wider range of applications, because it does not expand or contract as much as solid wood flooring, In general, the more layers applied, the greater the stability of the flooring.  The core layers of engineered wood flooring consist of plywood or high density fiberboard while the top layer is the same genuine hardwood that you would find in solid hardwood flooring.  This top layer can range in thickness from .5mm to 6mm. The thickness of the hardwood top layer may well become important in the long term if and/or when the consumer ever decides to sand and refinish the floor.

Engineered wood flooring can be installed over plywood or concrete subfloors.  Installation is typically handled in one of three different ways depending on the subfloor material:

1. Nailed down over a plywood subfloor.

2. Glued down over plywood or concrete subfloors.

3. Floating over plywood or concrete subfloors.